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Themba Southern Africa

CONDUCT Children may be at risk because of their own behaviour, for example, by sharing too much information. • Children need to be aware of the impact that their online activity can have on both themselves and other people, and the digital footprint that they create on the internet. Young people may share too much and take risks such as chatting to strangers or sharing sexual images. It’s easy to feel anonymous online and it’s important that children are aware of who is able to view, and potentially share, the information that they may have posted. When using the internet, it’s important to keep personal information safe and not share it with strangers. Discuss the importance of reporting inappropriate conversations, messages, images and behaviours and how this can be done. CONTENT Age-inappropriate or unreliable content can be available to children • Online content can be viewed via a range of…

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Themba Southern Africa

Flaming and Trolling – sending or posting hostile messages intended to “inflame” the emotions of others Happy-Slapping – recording someone being harassed or bullied in a way that usually involves physical abuse, then posting the video online for public viewing Identity Theft/Impersonation – stealing someone’s password and/or hijacking their online accounts to send or post incriminating or humiliating pictures, videos, or information Photoshopping – doctoring digital images so that the main subject is placed in a compromising or embarrassing situation Physical Threats – sending messages that involve threats to a person’s physical safety Rumour Spreading – spreading gossip through e-mail, text messaging, or social networking sites.

Themba Southern Africa

-1 in 3 children aged 9 – 13 have been or are currently either being cyberbullied or are the cyberbully -All children will at one point in their schooling career witness an act of bullying -Bullying leads to low self-esteem -Bullying leads to 15% increase in absenteeism -Bullying leads to depression -Bullying is not the direct cause of suicide but has a direct link to depression and anxiety which is a cause of suicide -Cyberbullying adds a new dimension to the above – children can no longer escape the bully, they cannot go home and forget about the abuse because cyber follows them – they cannot switch off

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